Today, more than 30 factories in taiwan and japan produce chlorella products in powdered, tablet, and liquid forms. How profitable of a business is spirulina cultivation. Chlorella products have been available in the united states. Pdf production and nutritive value of spirulina platensis in. Spirulina sbm, sp15, sp30, and sp45 respectively as their main protein sources. We compared these diets to a commercial tilapia diet cc. Simplified method for the cultivation of spirulina for. In the last four decades, the commercial production of micro algae that are rich in provitamin a carotenoids has been mainly focused on. Bioplastic was prepared by using spirulina platensis cultivated in modified zarrouk medium. In 1974, the united nations named spirulina one of the best foods for the future. The final, and also one of the most important, step is to make sure you have the right culture medium and the right water for optimum growth. Additionally, to evaluate the benefit of fishmeal inclusion, fishmeal was added 2 and 10% to the most successful spirulina containing diet fm2, fm10. In a way, establishing the production site of spirulina in mexico was a kind of closing of a circuit.
Purdue university purdue department of horticulture and landscape architecture. The quality of scp is an important factor for commercial production. Nutritional and toxicological aspects of nutr hosp. Worldwide, the dietary supplement industry is extremely lucrative and, for this reason, spirulina was chosen as the candidate organism. Lake harvesting of spirulina growing in natural lakes. The transition from the laboratory to largescale commercial production is not a simple step, with many unforeseen problems, mostly. How to grow spirulina at home below you will find lists of the exact nutrients and tools you need followed by instructions for each step of the process. Commercial production of spirulina for food 1984 after richmond, 1986b.
Of all the algae, spirulina has emerged as the most potent and nutritious food. Commercial production is normally performed in open ponds. Evaluating spirulina as a protein source in nile tilapia. In one instance, the yield containing 35 tonnes of spirulina per hectare per year from a commercial pond was achieved in the siam algae site near bangkok 7.
A lack of degradability and the closing of landfill sites, as well as growing water and land pollution problems, have led to concern about plastics. A second need is a better monitoring of global spirulina production and product flows. Pdf production of bioplastic using spirulina platensis. System dimensions for the evaporation effluenttreatment ponding system in.
The species most commonly used in commercial production are chlorella pyrenoidosaand chlorella vulgaris. The edible cyanobacterium arthrospira spirulina has attracted attention due to its traditional use as food and current large. Spirulina maxima, mineral composition, cultivation, spirulina culture, inhouse among several algal species, spirulina was heavily exploited and became a commercially important filamentous cyanobacterium due to its inherent ability to accumulate wealth of natural resources such as proteins, minerals, pufas and a few vitamins. If farmed in smaller tanks, then the minimum dimensions of the tank should be 10 x 5 x 1. The commercial producers of spirulina are located in the united states, thailand, india, taiwan, china, pakistan, burma and chile. The commercial culture of microalgae is now over 30 years old with the main microalgal species grown being chlorella and spirulina for health food, dunaliella salina for. Global production figures of spirulina by country based on literature, company and trade information.
Journal of pharmacy and nutrition sciences, 2011, 111118. Commercial cultivation of spirulina is spiking up in india especially in tamil nadu state due to assured market and a regular income. International journal of biotechnology and bioengineering. Japan, since commercial production began there in the 1950s. Heavy metal analysis in commercial spirulina products for. Growing spirulina algae moreover, spirulina algae is a very interesting product because it contains a reasonable amount of nutrients, antioxidants and minerals.
The feasibility of industrial production of spirulina. Nallayan research centre for sustainable development, navallor village. It should also be pointed out that in contrast to traditional crops, such as soybean, spirulina does not require arable land for its production. Spirulina medlineplus commercial production algae rgs. In fact, spirulina is the most concentrated and nutritious whole food known to science. Mass production of the bluegreen alga spirulina bashan. Commercial production of spirulina asia pacific biotech news.
Thus spirulina requires no cooking or special treatment to increase the availability of its proteins. Growing spirulina at home information agri farming. Spirulina production a new enterprise established in rural as well as urban area due to which youth got new avenue for employment generation. Some four hundred years before sosa texcoco had started the commercial production of spirulina, in the sixteenth century, when the spanish invaders conquered mexico, they discovered that the aztecs living in the valley of mexico in. The minimum depth of the culture medium should be 20 cm and the depth of the pool should be twice the culture medium depth. Spirulina spiro algae, a bluegreen algae, is an ancient marine organism that has existed for the past. Kluyveromyces marxianus produces enzyme that can be used to modify whey for the production of single cell protein chandraniwijeyaratne and tayathilake, 2000. The greentech process offering both services and products. The great nutritional interest for the production of algal biomass is due to its high protein content 60 to 65% in biomass of spirulina sp. The other reason for taking up this is most of the farmers thinks spirulina is a safe bet as there are unseasonal monsoons and. Most spirulina production sites need plenty of water to compensate for high evaporation.
Spirulina protein, benefits, uses, facts, body building. Use of the effluent from biogas production for cultivation. Consistent sun and temperature yearround separate production facilities for spirulina and haematococcus major spirulina production capacity astaxanthin production is consistent and growing to meet market demand. Algae, spirulina, chlorella, dunalliella, nutrition, and functional foods. All commercial spirulina is grown in open areas,for maximum production yield. Its high protein, vitamin, mineral and micronutrient content makes it an ideal food supplement for the malnourished as well. They also developed a new technique to dehydrate algae. The attributes of its mass cultivation primarily are due to its photosynthetic pigment, phycocyanin, adaptability. If the water contains any heavy metals which will accumulate in the growing system, then the spirulina will absorb it. The diagram as displayed on the next page shows the composition of dried spirulina see figure 3. Pdf bluegreen algae cyanobacteria are among the most primitive life forms on earth.
The minimum pond size for commercial cultivation of spirulina is 3 to 4 m wide and 100 m long. The past few years has seen considerable activity relating to production of microalgae for commercial purposes. The feasibility of industrial production of spirulina biblioteca. Spirulina arthospira sp used for the production of single cell protein. Spirulina is a high value nutritional product whose market potential is growing in both developed and developing countries. Spirulina contains all essential amino acids and also highquality lipids, with a substantial amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Cultivation spirulina is mostly cultivated in openchannel raceway ponds with paddle wheels used to agitate the water. Spirulina farming, cultivation practices details asia. Nutritional and toxicological aspects of spirulina. For consumption of health foods of spirulina, by the general public, health food stores are increasingly offering more exotic products. Spirulina production and consumption is widely spread due to kvks efforts not only in maharashtra state but also other parts of the country. Study of phycocyanin production from spirulina platensis. This study reveals the concentrations of six typical. The culture systems currently used to grow these algae are generally fairly unsophisticated. Organic fertilizer production project report, cost, profits. Commercial greenhouse production purdue university. Introduction algae have been cultured and used as a human food for many years. Due to its ease of growth, arthrospira has also served as a good tool for many physiological, biochemical, and molecular biological studies. Cyanotechs production facility 90 acre facility in kona, hawaii. The reduced cost medium contained single super phosphate ssp, commercial sodium bicarbonate, muriate of potash mop and crude sea.
Leb 18 brailian ournal of chemical engineering, ol. Spirulina arthrospira is a filamentous cyanobacterium that is grown commercially for food and feed and as a food coloring and additive. If youre worried yours will not, remember its good so i went with these in andy cutlers book amalgam illness he categorically states that chlorella does not chelate mercury, it only moves it around your system and redistributes it, and that you should not take it while sera spirulina tabs enthalten 20% spirulina. Pdf mass production of the bluegreen alga spirulina. The growth of commercial microalgae production is probably best illustrated by data on spirulina production for which reasonably reliable figures are available. Nutrient list to decide the amounts of each nutrient to order you will need to refer to. Though spirulina consumption is growing worldwide, relatively few studies have reported on the quantities of heavy metalsminerals they contain andor their potential effects on the populations health. A commercial scale spirulina algal biotechnology production plant was built at musina, limpopo province, south africa. This paper attempts to describe the problems of mass culture of spirulina, deriving information from two commercial facilities. The next step to grow spirulina at home is to make sure that your tank or pond is correctly agitated aerated so that all the spirulina filaments have access to light and co2. Spirulina maxima is grown on a commercial scale in lake texcoco in mexico. Commercial production of spirulina is today based almost exclusively on open ponds. Over the past 30 years, the spirulina industry has been supplied by many small to largescale farms around the world, using a wide range of algae production systems.500 499 670 1191 429 283 1102 177 1337 191 500 1072 81 1343 55 1388 395 1531 25 695 1300 291 896 986 541 950 415 730 999 694 1337 1415 1497 923 471 893 360